鍨$粍璇?鍨″瓧閫犲彞)

鍨″叏闈粙缁?/h3>

鎷?闊筹細 f谩

閮?棣栵細 鍦?/p>

绗?鐢伙細 9

浜?琛岋細 鍦?/p>

绻?浣擄細 鍨?/p>

浜?绗旓細 WAFF

鍨$殑鑻辨枃锛歵o turn the soil; (used in place names); upturned soil

1.缈昏€曡繃鐨勫湡鍧楋細鎵擄綖銆傛繁鑰曟檼锝炪€?/p>

2.鍦板悕鐢ㄥ瓧锛氭锝烇紙鍦ㄥ寳浜級銆傝惤锝烇紙鍦ㄦ渤鍖楋級銆?/p>

鍨″瓧缁勮瘝

鍨℃樇銆佸灐鏋娿€佸灐璁屻€佸灐鍦熴€佸灐鐦濄€佸灐鎬面€佸灐椹囥€佸灐鍕庛€佸灐婧溿€佸灐榛堛€佸灐鐪ャ€佸灐楣ゃ€佸灐椋曘€佸灐楝呫€佸灐婵广€佸灐宄娿€佸灐濞°€佸灐鍡嗐€佸灐濠ャ€佸灐瀣?/p>

鍓犲灐銆佽厳鍨°€佸暢鍨°€佺鍨°€佷竾鍨°€佺鍨°€佺悐鍨°€佽啽鍨°€佽畨鍨°€佺潚鍨°€佸硺鍨°€侀鍨°€佽崋鍨°€佹笜鍨°€侀嫥鍨°€佽憘鍨°€佺灴鍨°€佽梻鍨°€佸煄鍨°€佸稘鍨?/p>

鍨″瓧閫犲彞

鍨$粍璇?鍨″瓧閫犲彞)

1銆佺鍏堟鏄€氳繃鐣欐棻鍨?/span>鐨勬柟寮?淇濅綇浜嗗湴鍔?鍏绘椿浜嗕竴浠d唬浜哄彛鈥斺€旇繖灏辨槸鎴戜滑鐨勫啘鑰曟枃鏄庣暀鏃?span style="color:red;">鍨?/span>鐨勬櫤鎱у憡璇夋垜浠浜庡湡鍦?涓嶄粎瑕佽€?杩樿鍏绘濡傘€婂悤姘忔槬绉嬨€嬩腑銆娿€?/p>

2銆? 鏈姤璁?璁拌€呮潹闆呮穱)灏忔弧杩囧悗,灏忛害宸茬粡杩涘叆鐏屾祮鏈?姝f槸灏忛害绫界矑澧為噸,浜ч噺褰㈡垚鐨勫叧閿湡,楹︾敯绠$悊闈炲女閲嶈涓嶈繃,鍥哄畨鍘垮江鏉戜埂鍖楄崋鍨?/span>鏉戠殑鏉戞皯鏉庝功鑷h繃寰楁竻闂?鏍规湰涓嶃€?/p>

3銆? 鍥哄畨鍘胯崋鍨?/span>钀ヤ笢鏉?鏈変竴浣嶆厛鐪夊杽鐩殑鑰佷汉,鍚嶅彨璧垫爲妗?浠婂勾宸插瞾楂橀緞,鏄競绾ч潪鐗╄川鏂囧寲閬椾骇椤圭洰銆婅崋鍨?/span>钀ユ湪姊炽€嬩唬琛ㄦ€т紶鎵夸汉鏈ㄦ⒊鍒朵綔浼犳壙涔呰繙,鐜板繁鏃犳硶鑰冭瘉鍙戞簮銆?/p>

4銆? 鏂颁露鎶ヨ(璁拌€呮浌鏅剁憺)閫氬窞鍖洪┈椹规ˉ闀囧皬鏉?span style="color:red;">鍨?/span>鏉戠殑澶栦埂绉熷杩戞潵闄嗙绘杩斾露,澶氱瀹㈠凡是缁忓洖鏉ヤ簡杩戜笁鍒嗕箣涓€鎸夌収瑙勫畾,鎵€鏈夊鏉ヨ繑浜汉鍛橀兘瑕佽嚜琛屽湪瀹堕殧绂诲ぉ,鍜屽緢澶氭潙銆?/p>

5銆? 鏈堟棩,涓€鍦烘槬闆椋樻磼娲?鎴垮北钁姦鍨?/span>鏉戝厷鏀儴涔﹁鍒樼帀鍥戒竴杈瑰府宸ヤ綔浜哄憳鎶婇厤濂界殑娑堟瘨姘磋杞?涓€杈瑰彯鍢卞徃鏈?璺笂娉ㄦ剰瀹夊叏涓轰簡搴斿鐤儏,钁姦鍨?/span>鏉戝叏浣撴潙姘戝湪鏉戝厷鏀€?/p>

6銆? 骞?鍦ㄥ寳浜競濮旂粺鎴橀儴鐨勭壍澶存帹鍔ㄤ笅,澶у叴鍖洪瀹垛€滅鎶€灏忛櫌鈥濊惤鍦板湪闀垮瓙钀ラ晣灏忛粦鍨?/span>鏉戝湪杩戜竴骞寸殑瀹炶返涓?闀垮瓙钀ラ晣灏忛粦鍨?/span>鏉戝厷鏀儴鍏呭垎鍙戞尌鈥滅鎶€灏忛櫌鈥濈簿鍑嗗府鎵躲€?/p>

7銆? 鏈堟棩涓嬪崍,鍗楀鍨?/span>鏉戝畬鎴愪氦閽ュ寵宸ヤ綔鏈堟棩涓婂崍,瀵?span style="color:red;">鍨?/span>杈涘簞鏉戝畬鎴愪氦閽ュ寵宸ヤ綔鑷虫,骞块槼鍖烘渤閬撳唴涓や釜鏉戣鏀堕挜鍖欓獙鎴垮伐浣滃叏闈㈠憡鎹峰湪姝ゆ娌抽亾鍐呫€?/p>

8銆? 鐤儏褰撳墠,姝e€兼槬鑰曞鑺?鍥哄畨鍘垮江鏉戜埂鑽?span style="color:red;">鍨?/span>钀ヤ笢鏉戠渷绾хず鑼冨濂充箣瀹剁Н鏋佸彂鎸ュ濂冲湪闃叉帶鐤儏銆佷績鎺ㄦ槬鑰曚腑鐨勭嫭鐗逛綔鐢?鍦ㄧ柅鎯呴槻鎺с€佸啘鑰曠幇鍦?澶勫鍙濂逛滑鐨勮韩褰卞ス浠背浜哄コ銆?/p>

9銆? 鍖椾露甯傚ぇ鍏村尯姒?span style="color:red;">鍨?/span>闀囧浼犻儴閮ㄩ暱鐜嬬宀╃湅鍒拌タ榛?span style="color:red;">鍨?/span>鏉戠殑鍙樺寲,鐢辫》鐨勮閬撹繎鍑犲勾,澶у叴鍖哄皢鐜颁唬鐢靛瓙淇℃伅鎶€鏈笌鐜颁唬绠$悊鐞嗗康鐩哥粨鍚?鍒涙柊鍐滀笟绠$悊妯″紡,绉瀬鍙戝睍鏁板瓧鍐滀笟,瀹炪€?/p>

10銆? 瑗块粍鍨?/span>鏉戜綅浜庢鍨?/span>闀囩殑鍖楅儴,绱ч偦浜紑楂橀€熷叕璺?璺濆ぇ鍏村尯鏀垮簻鍏噷鍏ㄦ潙鐜版湁鍐滄埛鎴?鍏辨湁鍙d汉,鏈夎€曞湴浜╁叏鏉戜富瑕佷互浠庝簨绉嶆銆佸吇娈栧強鏈嶅姟涓氫背涓?鍔冲姩銆?/p>

鐩稿叧鐭俊
闅忔満鐭俊
璇勮鍒楄〃锛堢綉鍙嬭瘎璁轰粎渚涚綉鍙嬭〃杈句釜浜虹湅娉曪紝骞朵笉琛ㄦ槑鏈珯鍚屾剰鍏惰鐐规垨璇佸疄鍏舵弿杩帮級
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